Field trip 1

I went to the south chagrin reserve again for a little filed trip and this is what I found:

Invasive species

I had a difficult time spotting any invasive species in the South chagrin reserve but finally I came across the infamous amur honeysuckle, Lonicera maackii. This invader is originally all the way from Asia, but made its way by being imported as an ornamental into New York city and since then has spread due to people using it in the past for wild life cover and to stop soil erosion. Since then it has rapidly started to grow on its own and its a big, rapid growing competitor to native plants. It occurs now mostly in east America except Minnesota and it occurs in a wide range of environments, especially disturbed environments that it can overrun. It is a danger to other plants because of its overly competitive nature and impedes reforestation. It does provide food to birds, but while feasting on this plant the birds spread the seeds allowing more to grow and destroying other plants that could be of more nutrition to the birds at the same time. https://www.invasive.org/weedcd/pdfs/wow/amur-honeysuckle.pdf

Invader alert again! I also found the winter creeper, Euonymus fortunei! It originated from China and east Asia. It was imported to North America in 1907 as an ornamental ground cover, but like the amur honeysuckle, it started spreading everywhere and it was unstoppable! It is a highly aggressive vine invading  the territory of many native species and can even kill trees. It smothers everything in its path and sucks the nutrients out of the soil. It prefers shade, but is adaptable to many areas. Its very troublesome to get rid of and often  regrows with in the next couple days and creeps back in.https://theoec.org/blog/invasive-wintercreeper-euonymus-fortunei/

Lime Lovers

Along my field trip in the woods I discovered also a lime loving plant called the hackberry tree, Celtis occidentalis. This plant loves to grow on limestone surfaces with impermeable soil. https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/37946/ ( also mentioned in the article by  Jane Forsyth “Geobotany” )

Another lime lover I found was the fragrant sumac shrub, Rhus aromatica. This plant that kinda resembles poison ivy with its three leaf also loves to reside on the limy rocks and impermeable soil! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhus_aromatica ( also mentioned in the article by  Jane Forsyth “Geobotany” )

Plant-animal interactions (seed dispersal)

This pine cone I found I think was from a black spruce pine tree, Picea mariana. With openings all around the spirals the seeds are easily dispersed from the pine cone when animals, such as squirrels or birds, are eating the seeds, when its windy or if theres a heavy rainfall it can knock he seeds out for easy release and spread to enable reproduction.

https://sciencing.com/do-pine-trees-reproduce-5173107.html#:~:text=The%20winged%20pollen%20that%20pine,pine%20seeds%20and%20disperse%20them.&text=Only%20when%20these%20cones%20are,parent%20plant%20in%20the%20fire.

Another interesting seed dispersal tactic I found was from the American beech tree, Fagus grandifolia, I believe. It tactic for dispersal is it has kinda prickly exterior so it can easily get attached to animals fur and the seeds can fall out and spread to different areas. Also spread by wind and animals eating them and seeds falling out. https://gardenerdy.com/different-methods-of-seed-dispersal-in-plants

 

Grasses and sedges

A type of grass I found was the  orchard grass , Dactylis glomerata. Grasses produces both vegetative and floral stems, while  sedges produce only floral stems.

I also found what I believe to be a sedge because of its edged flower only stems, but I could not identify it i’m stumped!